The most frequent urine tests involve checking of urine for any byproducts of drugs. They can be conducted in many places including employment and schools. This is also common in athletics and emergency room situations. The result of any screening taken can help determine the presence of common drugs abused including marijuana, barbiturates, phencyclidine, benzodiazepines, opiates, cocaine, and amphetamines.
Urine pregnancy tests are also common. When testing, the presence of a hormone called beta HCG is detected (beta human chorionic gonadotropin) which exists in the urine during pregnancy.
By determining presence of chemicals in the urine the doctor can diagnose a health condition, for instance the presence of protein may indicate the presence of kidney disease and a urine culture can confirm a bacterial infection in the body.
What is a Urinalysis?
As explained above a urinalysis is a very common test that involves the examination of a patient’s urine. This test is done in many hospitals, laboratories, doctor’s offices, and (of course) offered here at Connecticut Urgent Care Centers.
To perform a test, a urine sample is collected from the patient and a small quantity (30 to 60 ml) of this urine is used to conduct the actual test. After it has been collected, it is then sent to the laboratory where it is analyzed. The commonly used name for the process is UA; it is an abbreviation of urinalysis.
The analysis involves the checking of urine color, clarity, cloudiness and odor under a macroscopic scale. These basic observations may indicate infection, or organ dysfunction of the kidney or liver. Microscopic analysis can also be conducted which entails the use of a microscope to determine the presence of microscopic urine constituents.such as blood cells or bacteria.
The physician can order urinalysis due to several reasons including:
Repetitive Therapeutic Evaluations
This can be done prior to a surgery, to establish the need for hospitalization, evaluating for liver or kidney disease, conducting tests for high blood pressure, pregnancy, and kidney infection.
Evaluating Specific Indications
Symptoms like blood in urine, fever, painful urination, abdominal pain, and other urinary tract issues can be assessed.
Establishing Some Medical Conditions
Health complications associated with kidney inflammation, muscle breakdown, protein in the urine, kidney failure, uncontrolled diabetes, kidney stones, and other urinary tract infections can be discovered.
Observing Progress of a Disease and Responses to Treatment
The doctor can monitor the responsiveness of the patient’s body after the administration of medication or checking whether the symptoms of a disease are fading away. The levels of protein in the urine, blood in urine, and kidney infections are monitored.